The abbreviation CRV stands for “Coordinate Remote Viewing” and also for ” Controlled Remote Viewing”. Both denote RV protocols, the second having evolved from the first. In the original experiments at SRI, persons were used as “beacons” for addressing the target area, i.e. the viewer had the task to aim at the person in order to reach the target area. Ingo Swann then tested the idea of using geocoordinates instead. It turned out that the coordinates led a viewer just as clearly to the target. In continuous use, however, it turned out that the viewers were burdened by presuppositions, because with some practice one can assign an approximate place on the globe from a geocoordinate already when looking at it. People subsequently tried the use of arbitrarily chosen sequences of digits as coordinates, and had success. Since then, protocol-based RV work has used nonspecific numeric coordinates with no geographic reference as target addresses. The protocol was renamed Controlled Remote Viewing, making it the “progenitor” of RV protocols in use today.
Excerpt from the original CRV manual by Paul H. Smith: